Enlarged prostate supplements

Enlarged prostate supplements

This article on enlarged prostate supplements will look in depth at the evidence whether supplements for symptoms of an enlarged prostate are going to work, what are the ingredients in prostate supplements, is it safe to take them, are there side effects, what are the best supplements for BPH, and how much do they cost.

Prostate Health as well as enlarged prostate supplements:

Enlarged prostate supplements image
Know the facts

Cancer of the prostate is essentially the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer in males globally (1Trusted Source).

Nevertheless, not all prostate concerns are life threatening. In reality, since the prostate gland will develop bigger with age, it is not unusual for males more than fifty years of age to see some kind of prostate problem (2Trusted Source, 3Trusted Source).

In addition, and including the signs of noncancerous prostate problems, for example uncomfortable ejaculation and urination, could significantly impact quality of lifestyle (2Trusted Source, 4Trusted Source).

Supplements tend to be advertised to help prostate health or maybe help lessen problems which are connected with prostate circumstances, though you might wonder if enlarged prostate supplements can help.

This particular report reviews the security as well as efficacy of several typical elements found in prostate health supplements.

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Prostate wellness

The prostate is a little, walnut sized gland which is set beneath the bladder and also wraps around top portion of the urethra. The prostates primary function is to produce the majority of the substance which comprises semen (1Trusted Source).

There are three major ailments that may occur in the prostate, which includes chronic or acute prostatis(1Trusted Source, benign prostatic hyperplasia 5Trusted Source, 4Trusted Source, prostate cancer 6Trusted Source):

Chronic or acute prostatitis. This condition is caused by inflammation throughout the prostate. In several instances, prostatitis is induced by a bacterial illness, while in various other cases the trigger is unknown.

BPH benign Prostatic hyperplasia image enlarged prostate supplements
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This noncancerous enlargement on the prostate typically results in reduced urinary tract symptoms. It is typically found in older men.

Prostate cancers. This type of cancer grows in the prostate. It is the fourth leading reason for death in older males throughout the world.

Even though the first stages of prostate cancer could be asymptomatic, prostate concerns are usually accompanied by uneasy symptoms, like (1Trusted Source, 6Trusted Source, 5Trusted Source, 7Trusted Source):

  • Agonizing urination
  • The regular desire to urinate
  • Waking up during the night to urinate
  • Uncomfortable ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain in the low back, hips, or maybe pelvic area

Can enlarged prostate supplements help

Enlarged prostate supplements can’t get rid of and treat prostate related concerns. Nevertheless, many claims to help you prevent or reduce the symptoms related to prostate problems, typically by reducing inflammation.


The prostate gland lies close to the urethra and helps to produce semen fluid. The most prevalent signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, BPH, and prostatitis are reduced urinary tract symptoms.

Enlarged prostate supplements: Common ingredients the evidence for their effectiveness in improving prostate health is insufficient.

Nonetheless, limited research suggests that several ingredients might help diminish several of the uneasy symptoms related to prostate problems.

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Enlarged prostate supplements ingredients

A number of ingredients may be good for your comfort, but others might be damaging to your prostate or may interfere with your health. Therefore, it’s a good idea to get the opinion of your physician or pharmacist before taking any prostate supplements.

Saw palmetto image

Saw palmetto

One of the major ingredients in prostate health supplements is Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens). It is a kind of palm that is indigenous to the Southeastern United States (8Trusted Source).

Extracts and saw palmetto berries are specifically used to treat symptoms of BPH in the urinary tract. Even though the actual mechanism is not known, it is believed that saw palmetto’s anti inflammatory properties is the main reason for its effectiveness.(8Trusted Source, 9Trusted Source, 10Trusted Source).

A study of 165 males with BPH discovered that taking 160 mg of saw palmetto extract 4 times daily for twelve weeks improved the quality of life, urine flow rate, as well as prostate symptom scores (11Trusted Source).

Similarly, two studies from 2012 showed improvements in men’s urinary tract symptoms after consuming saw palmetto supplements every day for 3-4 months (12Trusted Source, 13Trusted Source).

Even though promising, research on saw palmetto’s effectiveness in humans for symptomatic BPH is limited. Furthermore, the results of studies regarding its efficacy for BPH symptoms are mixed.

One evaluation of 17 clinical trials which lasted between 4-72 weeks discovered that saw palmetto was not much more effective compared to a placebo at lessening urinary tract symptoms (14Trusted Source).

Furthermore, the optimum effective dose of folks with BPH is not known as a result of the fact that doses differ between studies.

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Research studies

The research studies do not include controls on healthy adults, so it’s unclear if enlarged prostate supplements could be beneficial for men with other prostate problems or bph.

Prostate cancer, along with other conditions, have also been shown to be helped using saw palmetto extract. A small amount of evidence suggests that saw palmetto could help in the defense against prostate cancer cell growth and spread (tested Source, 16Trusted Source, 17Trusted Source).

These protective effects haven’t been confirmed in humans, however.

More investigation is necessary to determine the exact benefits of saw palmetto extract on prostate health, and the appropriate dosage.

Finally, while saw palmetto is generally considered safe, some people might not be comfortable with it. The most typical unwanted side effects consist of headache, constipation, nausea, dizziness, and an allergic reaction.

Pumpkin seed oil

Another common ingredient used in enlarged prostate supplements products is pumpkin seed oil, because of its high concentration of anti-inflammatory elements (36Trusted Source).

Pumpkin seed oil image

Pumpkin seed oil is said to have antiseptic properties that can improve the symptoms of BPH as well as persistent non – bacterial prostatitis by reducing inflammation (37Trusted Source, 38Trusted Source, 39Trusted Source).

In an investigation of sixty males with BPH, taking in 500 mg of an oil free hydroethanolic pumpkin seed extract – comparable to 350 mg of indigenous pumpkin seed oil extract as well as equivalent to ten grams of pumpkin seed products – greatly decreased symptoms more than twelve days (39Trusted Source).

More specifically, moving the pumpkin seed extract health supplement was discovered to decrease International prostate symptom scores by about thirty % (39Trusted Source).

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The amount of research that has been carried out on the efficacy of pumpkin seed oil on prostate problems is still lacking.


Beta – sitosterol is a plant compound that is commonly occurring it is part of a bigger group of phytosterols. The phytosterols found in plants are natural steroid compounds which have been shown to have beneficial effects on cholesterol (18 Trusted Source).

Beta-sitosterol is found to have anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidant properties in particular (18Trusted Source, 19Trusted Source).

Beta-sitosterol, which is additionally contained in saw palmetto, has been found for its ability to lessen inflammation related to BPH symptoms and possibly defend from prostate cancer (Trusted Source, 19Trusted Source, 20Trusted Source).

Although limited test tube as well as animal research possess shown beta-sitosterol to have likely anticancer effects, a lot more study is required in humans,( 20Trusted Source).

A review report relating to the consumption of phytosterols, which includes beta sitosterol, and cancer risk discovered that total phytosterol consumption was associated with a decreased risk of cancers (21Trusted Source).

It is not certain, though, if phytosterol supplements could possess similar protective effect.

Because of its function in BPH, research in 91 males with symptomatic BPH examined the impact of saw palmetto engine oil enriched with beta-sitosterol to taking saw palmetto oil on its own. (22Trusted Source).

The study determined the enriched engine oil was considerably better at lessening the seriousness of urinary tract symptoms over a 12-week period in comparison with saw palmetto engine oil or perhaps a placebo (22Trusted Source).

There is still much to be done, in spite of the promising results, in regard to the optimal dosage as well as effectiveness of beta-sitosterol for prostate health.

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Constant prostatitis is a distressing problem which entails swelling of the prostate, it’s quite a common condition especially in men under the age of 50.

The condition is generally characterized by painful ejaculation and urination or pelvic pain.(23Trusted Source, 24Trusted Source).

Aspirin as well as ibuprofen are commonly used to treat pain and inflammation, but lately there has been a growing interest in utilizing flower pollen extracts as a natural substitute for these drugs (23Trusted Source).

Pollen extract image

Pollen extract

(24Trusted Source): A study of 65 individuals with chronic prostatitis discovered that daily consumption of capsules that contained a gram of pollen extract along with a number of B vitamins boosted chronic prostatitis symptoms when taken for three months.

In addition, in a study, pollen extracts showed significantly decreased amounts of interleukin 8 (IL-8), a sign of inflammation, which has been discovered to be much higher in individuals with persistent prostatitis (24Trusted Source, 25Trusted Source).

Likewise, a meta-analysis of ten studies found that flower pollen extracts considerably enhanced the quality of life as well as symptom scores in folks with identified chronic prostatis.

Particularly, the most commonly used pollen extract mix employed in these clinical studies was Graminex, a combination of standard extracts of rye grass pollen (Secal cereal), corn pollen (Zea mays) and Timothy pollen (Phleum pratense) (23trusted Source).

Flower pollen extracts were also found to be nontoxic with no serious negative effects (23Trusted Source).


Pygeum is a phytochemical extract from the bark of African cherry tree (Prunus africana), which is one other typical ingredient of prostate supplements.

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Restricted test-tube and human research have found that pygeum extract might lessen the inflammation related to prostatitis and guard against the development of cancerous cells (26Trusted Source, 27Trusted Source).

An earlier analysis of 18 studies examined the advantages of pygeum supplements in comparison to a placebo on symptoms related to BPH (28Trusted Source).

Pygeum supplements considerably increased urinary flow measurements, the report said. Furthermore, males taking pygeum were twice as apt to talk about improvement in symptoms in general (28Trusted Source).

The studies incorporated in this review were, however, short and of a limited nature. Pygeum was also compared to a placebo, so it is unclear how effective it is compared to other health care options for BPH.

There is relatively little research concerning the performance of pygeum supplements, but they appear to be safe with little side effects (28Trusted Source).

Zinc image


Zinc is an important mineral which plays an essential role of cell growth as well as DNA repair. It had also been detected in prostate tissue where it is present in great quantities (48Trusted Source).

A study published just lately found that the zinc content in the prostate is considerably decreased in men who have prostate cancer. As a result, research is ongoing on the role zinc may play in stopping or slowing down the development of prostate cancer.

Although several experiments have discovered higher zinc consumption with with a decreased risk of innovative prostate cancers, other people have discovered it being connected to a heightened risk of acquiring prostate cancers (49Trusted Source, 51Trusted Source, 50Trusted Source, 52Trusted Source).

There is not any conclusive evidence that zinc raises the likelihood of prostate cancer, or even in any way. Taking zinc supplements isn’t suggested for prostate health unless recommended by a physician or pharmacist.


Nettle (Urtica dioica) is a plant that is frequently used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation as well as pain (29Trusted Source).

It’s been established that it has a number of plant compounds that have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and potent antioxidant properties. It can be discovered in dietary supplements for bladder and urinary tract infections (29Trusted Source).

Small animal as well as human studies have additionally discovered that it might help lessen symptoms of BPH in the reduced urinary tract ( 32Trusted Source, 31Trusted Source, 33Trusted Source).

A 6-month study of 558 adult males with symptomatic BPH discovered that taking 120 mg of nettle root extract 3 times each day improved symptoms of lower urinary tract infection compared with placebo (Trusted Source).

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A number of studies have also suggested that nettle root could have anticancer properties, both in animals as well as in test tubes. No research is presently being done to determine whether it is able to help avoid prostate cancer in people (34Trusted Source, 35Trusted Source).

There is a dearth of studies regarding nettle root extract for prostate health, in spite of promising effects. Research is needed to determine whether it is able to reduce the symptoms of BPH and its influence in prostate cancer.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is yet another vital nutrient that is often used in prostate supplements.

Vitamin E may also help to protect prostate cancer, as some studies have shown. Earlier studies link vitamin E to a higher likelihood of prostate cancers (53Trusted Source55Trusted Source54Trusted Source56Trusted Source).

The selenium as well as vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) was a massive research in which 35,533 males had been randomly assigned to one of four therapies – 200 mcg of selenium each day, 400 IU of vitamin E each day, 400 IU of vitamin E along with 200 mcg of selenium each day (55Trusted Source).

At the conclusion of the research, males taking the vitamin-E-only product had a substantial, seventeen % higher chance of acquiring prostate cancer over a seven-year period. (55Trusted Source).

Vitamin E supplements aren’t recommended for prostate cancer, as well as research is going on the connection between vitamin E as well as prostate cancer.

Unless directed by a physician to do this, men should avoid vitamin E supplements

Vitamin d image

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a crucial substance that is necessary for a number of crucial tasks within your body, such as immune function as well as bone wellness (40Trusted Source, 41Trusted Source).

Low vitamin D amounts could also be associated with increased risk of prostate cancers, according to a number of observational studies (42Trusted Source, 43Trusted Source, 44Trusted Source).

There is disagreement over whether vitamin D supplementation can protect prostate cancer, and other forms of cancer prevention, with the results of other studies.

One particular study even discovered that men having high circulating vitamin D levels were at greater risk of prostate cancers (45Trusted Source, 46Trusted Source, 47Trusted Source).

Adding in high doses of vitamin D may help men who are lacking in vitamin D or who have reduced levels of this vitamin, but it is not recommended for prostate health in general.


Selenium is one of the many controversial minerals that may be needed for good prostate health.

Higher selenium levels within the body had been connected with a decreased risk of prostate cancers in two substantial reviews (57Trusted Source, 58Trusted Source).

However, a study of 4,459 males discovered that selenium supplementation following prostate cancer was linked with increased mortality. Trusted source 59

One more study even elevated worries regarding selenium supplementation, because consuming an everyday product of 200 mcg of selenium was discovered to raise the chance of getting prostate cancer in males with good baseline selenium levels just before taking the health supplements (60Trusted Source).

However, it is worth mentioning that selenium supplements in men with inadequate baseline selenium levels did not have a considerable effect on prostate cancers (60Trusted Source).

More research is required to establish the safety as well as effectiveness of selenium supplements, particularly in women with high baseline selenium levels as well as men who have had prostate cancer.

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Other very common ingredients in enlarged prostate supplements are:

There are a number of various other ingredients that are usually used in prostate nutritional supplements and they include:

Lycopene is one of the ingredients in lycopene. There is a weak link between dietary lycopene and a decreased chance of prostate cancer, a study has found. More study is required to verify this result for lycopene supplementation (61trusted Source, 63Trusted Source, 62Trusted Source, 64Trusted Source).

Extract of pomegranate

Studies have shown that pomegranate extracts are able to inhibit the growth as well as spread of prostate cancer cells, both in vitro and in animals. Studies in humans haven’t discovered a tremendous improvement in the progression of cancer (65trusted Source, 67Trusted Source), 66Trusted Source.

Extract of green tea

Green tea consumption is associated with a reduced chance of prostate cancer, a study suggests. Green tea may also contain compounds that are anticancerogenic. More robust analysis is required (68Trusted Source), however.


Soy has an abundance of isoflavones. Studies that have been limited to animal and human subjects have discovered soy isoflavones to be protective against prostate cancers, but other people have discovered no substantial effect.

Far more top quality studies in humans are required (69Trusted Source, 70Trusted Source) While it is safe to get these components through whole food in your diet regime, more research is required to verify whether eating them in supplement form can have a meaningful and beneficial impact on your own prostate health.

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Enlarged prostate supplements image


There are several ingredients in a lot of enlarged prostate supplements that might help ease some of the symptoms of prostate cancer, but others might be detrimental or ineffective. More study is needed in general.

Prostate health is at the forefront of many people’s minds, and many companies have launched enlarged prostate supplements to meet this need.

Some of them may help relieve symptoms of prostate cancer, but there is no conclusive evidence that they are effective.

It is also important to realize that some of the supplements could contain harmful ingredients, such as zinc or vitamin E, which are thought to be detrimental to the health of your prostate.

If you are interested in buying enlarged prostate supplements, make sure that you are purchasing from a reliable company. You need to only use products that are certified by third party organizations like the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) or the NSF International to make sure that the products are of the highest quality.

It’s always a good idea to get the opinion of your physician, as supplements do not cure prostate cancer. If you suspect that you are breaking out with prostate cancer, you should consult your doctor right away to get the proper treatment started to reduce the possibility of complications.

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