Know your cholesterol in numbers
Heart disease is without doubt the single biggest killer in the world, it is also known as cardiovascular disease (angina, heart attack or stroke)
The best way to prevent a heart attack is to make sure your cholesterol is kept at a good healthy level. By knowing what your cholesterol number is you can reduce your risk of heart disease.
So what is a good healthy cholesterol level?
200 mg/ dl or less is the desired level
239 mg/dl is on the border
240 mg/dl is too high
What is the difference between mmol/l and mg/dl?
In the United States your blood cholesterol level is measured in mg/dl or milligrams per deciliter but in the United Kingdom and Europe blood cholesterol level is measured in mmol/I or millimoles per litre
How do you convert your blood cholesterol levels mmol/l to mg/dl?
Use this formula, mg/dl Cholesterol=38.6 x mmol/l
mmol Cholesterol ÷ 38.6 mg/dl
How to convert your blood Triglyceride levels
Use this formula, Triglyceride mg/dl = 88.5 x mmol/l
Triglyceride mmol/l ÷ 88.5
Is cholesterol fat?
It is a kind of fat that is present in your blood; we do need a certain amount of cholesterol for example to facilitate hormone production.
As we age plaque can form in our arteries which may narrow or block the blood flow. In this case a heart attack may follow, if the blood flow to the brain becomes effected the brain may become damaged (stroke).
High cholesterol is one of the main causes of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) so it is really important to have healthy cholesterol.
Cholesterol- there are two types
HDL (high density lipoprotein) called good cholesterol or healthy cholesterol
Because it clears up cholesterol in your blood vessels and brings it to the liver where it breaks down and passes from your body.
LDL (low density lipoprotein): LDL goes from your liver to other parts of the body through your arteries.
LDL is called bad cholesterol because it is like sticky Velcro as it clings to the walls of the arteries, this narrows the arteries and causes a reduction of blood flow to the heart and brain. Saturated fats don’t help because they can raise the bad cholesterol LDL.
A simple blood test will determine your cholesterol levels; here are the numbers to look for:
- Cholesterol/ Triglyceride levels
- Total cholesterol: Not more than 5 MMOL/1
- LDL (bad cholesterol) Not more than 3 MMOL/1
- HDL (good cholesterol) Not more than 1 MMOL/1
- Triglycerides Not more than 2 MMOL/1
What is the mmol?
Some medical tests report results in mill moles per litre (mmol/L). A mole describes a type of substance and usually has a big number 6 which has twenty three zeros in atoms or molecules after that. . A millimole is one multiplied by ten to the power of three.